Aaron Bertrand gives us the highlights:
Certificate Management in Config Manager View and validate all of your certificates from a single interface, and manage and deploy certificate changes across all of the replicas in an Availability Group or all of the nodes in a Failover Cluster Instance.
Built-in data classification A new
ADD SENSITIVITY CLASSIFICATION statement helps you identify and automatically audit sensitive data, a huge step up from the previous SSMS wizard (which just used extended properties).
Aaron also digs into the engine a bit:
This new aggregate function is designed for data warehouse scenarios, and is an equivalent for
COUNT(DISTINCT()). Instead of performing expensive distinct sort operations to determine actual counts, it relies instead on statistics to get something relatively accurate. You should find that the margin of error is within 2% of the precise count, 97% of the time, which is usually fine for high-level analytics, values that populate a dashboard, or quick estimates.
On my system I created a table with integer columns ranging from 100 to 1,000,000 unique values, and string columns ranging from 100 to 100,000 unique values. There were no indexes other than a clustered primary key on the leading integer column. Here are the results of
APPROX_COUNT_DISTINCT() against those columns, so you can see where it is off by a bit (but always well within 2%):
By the way,
APPROX_COUNT_DISTINCT() is a really good idea, and I’m glad it’s here.