An interesting thing about FIELD_TERMINATOR is that it can be multi-character. MSDN uses ~|~ as a potential delimiter. The reason you’d look at a multi-character delimiter is that not all file formats handle quoted identifiers—for example, putting quotation marks around strings that have commas in them to indicate that commas inside quotation marks are punctuation marks rather than field separators—very well. For example, the default Hive SerDe (Serializer and Deserializer) does not handle quoted identifiers; you can easily grab a different SerDe which does offer quoted identifiers and use it instead, or you can make your delimiter something which is guaranteed not to show up in the file.
You can also set some defaults such as date format, string format, and data compression codec you’re using, but we don’t need those here. Read the MSDN doc above if you’re interested in digging into that a bit further.
It’s a bit of a read, but the end result is that we can retrieve data from a Hadoop cluster as though it were coming from a standard SQL Server table. This is easily my favorite feature in SQL Server 2016.