Boxplots are a great way to visualize the distribution of a numerical variable. They show the median, quartiles, and outliers of the data, and can be used to compare the distributions of multiple groups.
Horizontal boxplots are a variant of the traditional boxplot, where the x-axis is horizontal and the y-axis is vertical. This can be useful for visualizing data where the x-axis variable is categorical, such as species or treatment group.
Click through for an example using base R and ggplot2.