In each set (fold) training and the test would be performed precisely once during this entire process. It helps us to avoid overfitting. As we know when a model is trained using all of the data in a single shot and gives the best performance accuracy. Resisting this k-fold cross-validation helps us to build the model as a generalized one.
To achieve this K-Fold Cross Validation, we have to split the data set into three sets, Training, Testing, and Validation, with the challenge of the volume of the data.
Read on for the explanation and an example.