Kafka Rebalance happens when a new consumer is either added (joined) into the consumer group or removed (left). It becomes dramatic during application service deployment rollout, as multiple instances restarted at the same time, and rebalance latency significantly increasing. During rebalance, consumers stop processing messages for some period of time, and, as a result, processing of events from a topic happens with some delay. Some business cases could tolerate rebalancing, meanwhile, others require real-time event processing and it’s painful to have delays in more than a few seconds. Here we will try to figure out how to decrease rebalance for Kafka-Streams clients (even though some tips will be useful for other Kafka consumer clients as well).
Read on for an example of the problem, as well as several practical tips for mitigating the issue.