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Kerberos vs NTLM

Jack Vamvas contrasts Kerberos and NTLM:

There is a message found in SQL Server Error Logs similar to 

The SQL Server Network Interface library could not register the Service Principal Name (SPN) [ MSSQLSvc/myserver.net:60000 ] for the SQL Server service. Windows return code: 0x200b, state: 15. Failure to register a SPN might cause integrated authentication to use NTLM instead of Kerberos. This is an informational message. Further action is only required if Kerberos authentication is required by authentication policies and if the SPN has not been manually registered.

The line I’m interested in reviewing is Failure to register a SPN might cause integrated authentication to use NTLM instead of Kerberos.   It’s good to first understand the differences between Kerberos & NTLM – both supported by SQL Server during AD authentication

Read the whole thing. It’s easy to fall into the trap of “Windows authentication = Kerberos”—I do that myself far too often.

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