Arun Sirpal shows us how easy it is to fail over Azure SQL Database to another region:
So what happens now if I connect to the read/write endpoint? (I test this via SSMS)
The dreaded IP address / create a new firewall rule message. Why? Well this setup utilized a “server” level firewall rule and the server in the US did NOT have the IP address mapped in, you can see from the below screen shot that there are no firewall rules configured.
Fixing this is easy, you could just add the IP address on the secondary server as another server level rule but you should seriously consider using a database level firewall rule, the setup will get replicated to the secondary server making failover experience smoother.
Read on to see how to set this.