This plot uses an explicitly defined vector field. A vector field refers to an assignment of a vector to each point in a subset of space.
In this plot, we visualize a collection of arrows that simply model the wind speed and direction at various levels of the atmosphere.
3-D weather plots can be useful to research scientists to gain a better understanding of the atmospheric profile, such as during the prediction of severe weather events like tornadoes and hurricanes.
Sometimes a 3D plot is the best answer. When it is, this looks like a good solution. H/T R-bloggers