Paul Randal explains the CXCONSUMER wait type:
Back in September 2016 I created a Connect item (3102145) to split the CXPACKET wait into benign and actionable waits, so that when a CXPACKET wait happens, there’s really something to investigate. Unfortunately the Connect website has been shut down by Microsoft so I can’t point you to the original request I made (I also tried in the Internet Archive but couldn’t find it).
The reason I wanted this change is that CXPACKET waits have always been registered by both producer and consumer threads for query plan operators where some threads produce data (i.e. producer threads) and some threads consume the produced data (i.e. consumer threads). However, the waits for the consumer threads are not actionable, because it’s the *producer* threads that are the cause of the consumer thread waits, and so it’s the producer thread waits that are actionable. By splitting the consumer waits out, the number of CXPACKET waits should be reduced, and those that are left should be investigated.
During the PASS Summit in 2017, my friend Pedro Lopes (b|t) on the Tiger Team announced that they’d made the change. The new wait type, CXCONSUMER, was initially added to SQL Server 2017 RTM CU3 and was added to SQL Server 2016 SP2 in April. You can read Pedro’s blog post here. Note that there was initially a bug with the implementation which was fixed in SQL Server 2017 RTM CU4.
It’s nice to see this split, as CXPACKET has been one of the most ambiguous wait types for a while, due to it having multiple potential meanings.