SQL Server has a cost-based optimizer that uses knowledge about the various tables involved in a query to produce what it decides is the most optimal plan in the time available to it during compilation. This knowledge includes whatever indexes exist and their sizes and whatever column statistics exist. Part of what goes into finding the optimal query plan is trying to minimize the number of physical reads needed during plan execution.
One thing I’ve been asked a few times is why the optimizer doesn’t consider what’s in the SQL Server buffer pool when compiling a query plan, as surely that could make a query execute faster. In this post, I’ll explain why.
This is an interesting post because it explains why the developers of the database engine would purposefully ignore something that could make things faster, but at a potentially devastating cost.