Teo Lachev has a nice comparison of slicers versus filters in Power BI:
Besides the built-in cross-filtering and cross-highlighting among visuals, Power BI supports two explicit filtering options: slicers and filters. Which one to use? Traditionally, you would use a slicer when you want the user to easily see what’s filtered on the report page. But with the introduction of the new filter pane and slicer enhancements, the choice becomes more difficult. Let’s compare the two options:
Click through for a table of comparisons as well as some advice.