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Faceted ggplot2

I have another post in my ggplot2 series, this time covering facets:

Notice that we create a graph per continent by setting facets = ~continent.  The tilde there is important—it’s a one-sided formula.  You could also write c("continent") if that’s clearer to you.

I also set the number of columns, guaranteeing that we see no more than 3 columns of grids. I could alternatively set nrow, which would guarantee we see no more than a certain number of rows.

There are a couple other interesting features in facet_wrap. First, we can set scales = "free" if we want to draw each grid as if the others did not exist. By default, we use a scale of “fixed” to ensure that everything plots on the same scale. I prefer that for this exercise because it lets us more easily see those continental clusters.

Facets let you compare multiple graphs quickly.  They’re great for fast comparison, but as I show in the post, you can distort the way the data looks by lining it up horizontally or vertically.