In the example, the database performed a checkpoint at noon and a backup had been taken at that time. The restore process will capture all the transactions up until the point the database had been backed up. After the database has been restored, the recovery process will roll forward transactions 2 and 4 because they had been committed to the transaction log before the point of failure. Since transactions 3 and 5 did not commit before the time of system failure, the undo process will roll back the transactions to keep the data in a consistent state.
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