Andy Mallon has some tests for us:
If you restore a database, what does that do to the plan cache? Well, let’s start by looking at the documentation for RESTORE. (Emphasis mine)
Restoring a database clears the plan cache for the instance of SQL Server. Clearing the plan cache causes a recompilation of all subsequent execution plans and can cause a sudden, temporary decrease in query performance. For each cleared cachestore in the plan cache, the SQL Server error log contains the following informational message: ” SQL Server has encountered %d occurrence(s) of cachestore flush for the ‘%s’ cachestore (part of plan cache) due to some database maintenance or reconfigure operations”. This message is logged every five minutes as long as the cache is flushed within that time interval.
Yikes. That first sentence sounds like it is going to clear the cache for the entire instance.
Read on as Andy tests this and (spoiler alert) changes the documentation.