Here is the bit-level layout of Count to the level that I currently understand it. This has received some airplay by Bob Ward (thanks, Bob!), and I’ll be building on that. Count is a 64-bit integer broken into multiple bit fields; aside from more compact storage, the rationale for the bit packing is that the whole item can be subject to atomic updates without “external” locking, much as in the SOS_RWLock. Regarding the unlabelled bits, I know for a fact that bit 5 is used, but not yet sure of the semantics.
After spending several posts on the foundation structures, Ewald is moving up the layers of internals, getting closer to concepts we think about on a day-to-day basis.