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Day: November 9, 2022

Practical Results of a ZooKeeper-less Kafka

Paul Brebner does the math:

The Kafka cluster meta-data is now only stored in the Kafka cluster itself, making meta-data update operations faster and more scalable. The meta-data is also replicated to all the brokers, making failover from failure faster too. Finally, the active Kafka controller is now the Quorum Leader, using Raft for leader election.

The motivation for giving Kafka a “brain transplant” (replacing ZooKeeper with KRaft) was to fix scalability and performance issues, enable more topics and partitions, and eliminate the need to run an Apache ZooKeeper cluster alongside every Kafka cluster.

Read on for some initial testing of KRaft versus ZooKeeper.

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Diagnosing Kafka Message Throughput Reductions

Danica Fine and Nikoleta Verbeck troubleshoot an issue:

One of the greatest advantages of Kafka is its ability to maintain high throughput of data. Unsurprisingly, high throughput starts with the producers. Prior to sending messages off to the brokers, individual records destined for the same topic-partition are batched together as a single compressed collection of bytes. These batches are then further aggregated before being sent to the destination broker.

Batching is a great thing, and we (generally) want it. But how do you know when it’s working well and when it’s not?

This first post covers message throughput but there will be several other topics in the series as well.

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Defining Production-Grade Code

Chad Callihan takes a detour:

You understand what you’re thinking when you write code but will you remember it in a few weeks or months? What about the new associate that has to work with your code? Will they be able to decipher what you were thinking based on code alone?

If code isn’t documented, it can make work unnecessarily difficult. For production-grade code, I would expect it to be well documented so even someone with minimal knowledge can get an idea of what the code is doing. It’s not necessary to write a novel for documentation but having something is better than nothing.

Read on for more thoughts of what makes code production-grade.

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Conditional Formatting from Text in Power BI

Mara Pereira shows us a trick:

Have you ever wondered if you can apply conditional formatting based on a text field/measure instead of a numeric field/measure?

If your answer is yes, then this trick is for you!

The other day I was working with a customer who asked something that I had no idea how to build.

They wanted to apply conditional formatting over some of their visuals, but they wanted the conditional formatting applied over a text field and not over a numeric field or a measure.

Read on to see how.

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Qualities of Production-Grade Code

Aaron Bertrand pulls out the list:

In a lot of programming languages, efficiency is almost always the guidepost. Sometimes, minimizing character count or line count is a “fool’s gold” measure of the quality of the code itself. Other times, unfortunately, engineers are judged not by quality at all, but rather the sheer number of lines of code produced – where more is, somehow, obviously better. Over my career, “how much code there is” has never been a very meaningful measure in any language.

But I’m here to talk about T-SQL, where certainly efficiency is a good thing to measure – though there are some caveats to that:

Read on for those caveats and what Aaron considers to be the hallmarks of high-quality code.

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Horizontal Fusion in DAX

Marco Russo and Alberto Ferrari put on their lab coats:

Fusion is a DAX optimization that reduces the number of storage engine queries when the engine detects that multiple calculations can be merged together in a single query. There are two types of fusions: vertical fusion and horizontal fusion.

Vertical fusion occurs when multiple measures – or calculations in general – need to be computed in the same filter context. For example, the following query requires the calculation of two measures: Sales Amount and Margin:

Read on to see how horizontal fusion differs and when it can be most useful.

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