For those readers who like the SSMS GUI, there is good news. SQL Server Management Studio offers a fairly straightforward method for backing up a database. Once you connect to the SQL Server instance containing the database you want to back up, left click on the “+” sign next to the Databases folder. Then right click the name of the database you want to backup, choose Tasks, then choose the Backup option in the fly out menu.
If you are a DBA, it is really important to know how to take and restore backups using T-SQL or Powershell only. Especially restoring backups—in the highest-pressure situations, waiting for the UI to load can be painful.