# Investigating UK Traffic With Principal Component Analysis

2018-11-01

Specifically, let us assume that we wish to analyze traffic density for buses and coaches. The main thing we are interested in is the frequency of traffic across a particular route.

Let’s take an example. If buses cover 100 miles on a route that is 5 miles long within a certain timeframe, then the frequency will be greater than 100 miles covered on a route that is 10 miles long over the same time period.

Read on for an interesting example.

## The Lesser-Known Apply Functions In R

2018-11-14

Andrew Treadway covers a few of the lesser-known apply functions in R: rapply Let’s start with rapply. This function has a couple of different purposes. One is to recursively apply a function to a list. We’ll get to that in a moment. The other use of rapply is to a apply a function to only those elements in […]

## Bias Correction In Standard Deviation Estimates

2018-11-13

John Mount explains how to perform bias correction and explains why it happens so rarely in practice: The bias in question is falling off at a rate of 1/n (where n is our sample size). So the bias issue loses what little gravity it ever may have ever had when working with big data. Most sources of noise will […]

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