Online HDFS Disk Balancer

Kevin Feasel

2016-10-19

Hadoop

Lei Xu demonstrates the intra-DataNode disk balancer in HDFS:

By default, the DataNode uses the round-robin-based policy to write new blocks. However, in a long-running cluster, it is still possible for the DataNode to have created significantly imbalanced volumes due to events like massive file deletion in HDFS or the addition of new DataNode disks via the disk hot-swap feature. Even if you use the available-space-based volume-choosing policy instead, volume imbalance can still lead to less efficient disk I/O: For example, every new write will go to the newly-added empty disk while the other disks are idle during the period, creating a bottleneck on the new disk.

Recently, the Apache Hadoop community developed server offline scripts (as discussed inHDFS-1312, the [email protected] mailing list, and GitHub) to alleviate the data imbalance issue. However, due to being outside the HDFS codebase, these scripts require that the DataNode be offline before moving data between disks. As a result, HDFS-1312 also introduces an online disk balancer that is designed to re-balance the volumes on a running DataNode based on various metrics. Similar to the HDFS Balancer, the HDFS disk balancer runs as a thread in the DataNode to move the block files across volumes with the same storage types.

This is a good read and sounds like a very useful feature.

Related Posts

Enabling Exactly-Once Kafka Streams

Guozhang Wang wraps up his exactly-once series in Kafka: When restarting the application from the point of failure, we would then try to resume processing from the previously remembered position in the input Kafka topic, i.e. the committed offset. However, since the application was not able to commit the offset of the processed message A before crashing […]

Read More

Avro Schemas In Kafka

Stephane Maarek explains the value of using Apache Avro as a schema structure for your Kafka topics: Avro has support for primitive types ( int, string, long, bytes, etc…), complex types (enum, arrays, unions, optionals), logical types (dates, timestamp-millis, decimal), and data record (name and namespace). All the types you’ll ever need. Avro has support for embedded documentation. Although documentation is optional, in my workflow I […]

Read More

Categories

October 2016
MTWTFSS
« Sep Nov »
 12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31