Data Warehouse Design Tips

Dustin Ryan has part one of a two-part series on data warehouse design best practices:

2. Store additive measures in the data warehouse.

The best type of measures to store in the data warehouse are those measures that can be fully aggregated. A measure that can be fully aggregated is a measure that can be summarized by any dimension or all dimensions and still remain meaningful. For instance, a Sales Amount measure can be summarized by Product, Date, Geography, etc. and still provide valuable insight for the customer.

Measures that cannot be fully aggregated, such as ratios or other percentage type calculations should be handled in the semantic model or the reporting tool. For example, a measure such as Percentage Profit Margin stored in a table cannot be properly aggregated. A better option would be to store the additive measures that are the base for the Percentage Profit Margin, such as Revenue, Cost, Margin, etc. These base measures can be used to calculate the ratio in a query, semantic model, or reporting tool.

The first five tips are non-controverisal and act as a good baseline for understanding warehousing with SQL Server.  Do check it out.

Related Posts

Aim For Database-First Designs

Lukas Eder explains why database-first design patterns tend to work better than code-first design: The real “truth” of your database schema, and the “sovereignty” over it, resides with your database. The database is the only place where the schema is defined, and all clients have a copy of the database schema, not vice versa. The […]

Read More

A Non-Relational Database Taxonomy

Thomas Henson has a taxonomy of non-relational databases: Columnar Database The first type of NoSQL database is the Columnar databases which is optimized for reading and writing columns of data as opposed to rows of data. Column-oriented storage for database tables is an help drive down the input/output requirements for database. Since the I/O profile […]

Read More

Categories

May 2016
MTWTFSS
« Apr Jun »
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031