Press "Enter" to skip to content

Category: Machine Learning

PHI De-Identification in Databricks with NLP

Amir Kermany, et al, share a set of notebooks:

John Snow Labs, the leader in Healthcare natural language processing (NLP), and Databricks are working together to help organizations process and analyze their text data at scale with a series of Solution Accelerator notebook templates for common NLP use cases. You can learn more about our partnership in our previous blog, Applying Natural Language Processing to Health Text at Scale.

To help organizations automate the removal of sensitive patient information, we built a joint Solution Accelerator for PHI removal that builds on top of the Databricks Lakehouse for Healthcare and Life Sciences. John Snow Labs provides two commercial extensions on top of the open-source Spark NLP library — both of which are useful for de-identification and anonymization tasks — that are used in this Accelerator:

This is a really interesting scenario.

Leave a Comment

Saving and Loading a Keras Model

Jason Brownlee made it to a savepoint in time:

Given that deep learning models can take hours, days and even weeks to train, it is important to know how to save and load them from disk.

In this post, you will discover how you can save your Keras models to file and load them up again to make predictions.

After reading this tutorial you will know:

– How to save model weights and model architecture in separate files.

– How to save model architecture in both YAML and JSON format.

– How to save model weights and architecture into a single file for later use.

Read on for an updated step-by-step tutorial.

Leave a Comment

Example Data Pre-Processing Activities

Aayush Srivastava takes us through some pre-processing activities in machine learning:

After selecting the raw data for ML training, the most important task is data pre-processing. In broad sense, data preprocessing will convert the selected data into a form we can work with or can feed to ML algorithms. We always need to preprocess our data so that it can be as per the expectation of machine learning algorithm

Read on for examples of pre-processing steps and how pre-processing differs from data cleaning.

Leave a Comment

Normalization Layers in Deep Learning Models

Zhe Ming Chng explains why data normalization matters in data science:

You’ve probably been told to standardize or normalize inputs to your model to improve performance. But what is normalization and how can we implement it easily in our deep learning models to improve performance? Normalizing our inputs aims to create a set of features that are on the same scale as each other, which we’ll explore more in this article.

Also, thinking about it, in neural networks, the output of each layer serves as the inputs into the next layer, so a natural question to ask is: If normalizing inputs to the model helps improve model performance, does standardizing the inputs into each layer help to improve model performance too?

Click through for the tutorial.

Leave a Comment

Visualizing SHAP Values in R with shapviz

Michael Mayer announces a new package:

SHAP (SHapley Additive exPlanations, Lundberg and Lee, 2017) is an ingenious way to study black box models. SHAP values decompose – as fair as possible – predictions into additive feature contributions.

When it comes to SHAP, the Python implementation is the de-facto standard. It not only offers many SHAP algorithms, but also provides beautiful plots. In R, the situation is a bit more confusing. Different packages contain implementations of SHAP algorithms

Read on to see how shapviz works, how to install it, and the types of visuals you can create from it.

Leave a Comment

The Value of MLOps

Tori Tompkins explains what MLOps is and why it’s valuable:

A ML project will typically begin in an ‘Explore Phase’ where a data scientist or team of data scientists will explore the data they currently have and experiment with models, algorithms, parameters and features. MLOps at this stage is responsible for supplying Data Scientists with environment they need to achieve this. One way this can be done is by leveraging Feature Store.

A feature store is a tool for storing commonly used features. As data scientists create new features then can log these into feature stores such as Feast and Databricks Feature Store, they can reuse these features across teams and projects. This will benefit teams in multiple ways by reducing compute times for both training and inference, provide consistency in common features and reducing effort for create complex logic.

Read on for information about all six phases.

Comments closed

ML Algorithms a Poor Fit for Predictive Caches

Pete Warden describes an interesting phenomenon:

I’ve been working on a new research paper, and a friend gave me the feedback that he was confused by the statement “memory accesses can be accurately predicted at the compilation stage” for machine learning workloads, and that this made them a poor fit for conventional processor architectures with predictive caches. I realized that this was received wisdom among the ML engineers I know, but I wasn’t aware of any papers that discuss this point. I put out a request for help on Twitter, but while there were a lot of interesting resources in the answers, I still couldn’t find any papers that focused on what feels like an important property for machine learning systems. With that in mind, I wanted to at least describe the issue as best as I can in this blog post, so there’s a trail of breadcrumbs for anyone else interested in how system designs might need to change to accommodate ML.

Read on for the explanation. My reading here is that this is a downside to having general-purpose compute: you run the risk of sub-optimal performance in certain circumstances, like training models using certain types of ML algorithms.

Comments closed

Consuming an Azure ML AutoML Model in Excel

Lewis Prince needs to do some heavy lifting in Excel:

It has come back to my turn to write a blog post, and if you remember my previous one concerned why you should use Azure based AutoMl and subsequently how to do so. If you followed that then you will be left with a model of which you’ve scored and know the performance of, but no way of how to then deploy and use your model. I will outline the steps needed to do this (which involves a major shortcut as we are using an AutoMl model), and then show you the required VBA needed to consume this in Microsoft Excel.

Read on to see how you can do this. Back in the really old Azure ML days, you could download an Excel workbook which would have things set up and you could feed in a bunch of input data and get predictions.

Comments closed

Model Deployment Options in Azure

Tori Tompkins enumerates ways to deploy machine learning models in Azure:

There are so many options to deploy models in Azure that is can get quite overwhelming. In this blog, we break down all the available options and consider the pros and cons of each tooling option.

Even with those, there are other approaches as well, like hosting Spark-based models in Azure Synapse Analytics, using SQL Server Machine Learning Services on an Azure SQL Managed Instance or VM running SQL Server, etc.

Comments closed

Protecting ML Models and IP

Pete Warden has some advice:

Over the last decade I’ve helped hundreds of product teams ship ML-based products, inside and outside of Google, and one of the most frequent questions I got was “How do I protect my models?”. This usually came from executives, and digging deeper it became clear they were most worried about competitors gaining an advantage from what we released. This worry is completely understandable, because modern machine learning has become essential for many applications so quickly that best practices haven’t had time to settle and spread. The answers are complex and depend to some extent on your exact threat models, but if you want a summary of the advice I usually give it boils down to:

– Treat your training data like you do your traditional source code.

-Treat your model files like compiled executables.

Read on to see why Pete came to this as the appropriate answer, as well as what I have to consider a sly mention of duck boat tours.

Comments closed