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Category: DBCC

Triggering Dumps for Specific Errors and States

Bob Dorr has a plan:

I had an inquiry about dbcc dumptrigger today and realized that state filtering was added to dbcc dumptrigger but not well known.

You can collect a process dump (SQL Dumper) when a specific error occurs using XEvent (error_reported/ex_raise2 events with dump capture action) or dbcc dumptrigger.

The common use of dbcc dumptrigger is: dbcc dumptrigger(‘set’, 208) to produce a dump when error 208 is encountered.

This is pretty useful, especially if you’re troubleshooting a bug in the database engine.

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When DBCC_OBJECT_METADATA becomes a Bottleneck

Paul Randal takes us through another latch:

Continuing my series of articles on latches, this time I’m going to discuss the DBCC_OBJECT_METADATA latch and show how it can be a major bottleneck for consistency checks prior to SQL Server 2016 under certain circumstances. The issue affects DBCC CHECKDB, DBCC CHECKTABLE, and DBCC CHECKFILEGROUP, but for clarity I’ll just reference DBCC CHECKDB for the rest of this post.

You might wonder why I’m writing about an issue that affects older versions, but there are still a huge number of SQL Server 2014 and older instances out there, so it’s a valid topic for my series.

Read on to understand what DBCC_OBJECT_METADATA does and how it can become a bottleneck on those older versions of SQL Server.

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CHECKDB: Repairing with Data Loss

Chad Callihan explains what that CHECKDB option which should sound really scary means:

Just because REPAIR_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS might get your database up and running quickly doesn’t make it a good option. It could wrongly be considered a shortcut or an easy button to get handle corruption. Some may run REPAIR_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS, see their database back online, and call it a day. Let’s look at why some things are too good to be true.

Read the whole thing.

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Offloading Maintenance Operations

Taryn Pratt has a process for offloading maintenance operations onto another server:

Early on when I started working on the SQL Servers at Stack Overflow, we were taking daily backups. We had a handful of databases that were being restored for other processes, but the majority weren’t actively tested to ensure the backups were good. Since you never want to be in a situation where you need to restore a database and find it doesn’t work, my goal was to create a process to automatically restore our backups to a separate server, and then run DBCC CHECKDB on it.

This is a T-SQL-driven process and I appreciate that. If you want a Powershell-driven process, Kevin Hill has you covered.

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DBCC CHECKDB on Large Databases

Aaron Bertrand shares some thoughts on CHECKDB:

We have a lot of data. Some of that data is stored in large databases (dozens of terabytes each). In some shops, this is an excuse to not run integrity checks. We are not one of those shops.

But we don’t run full CHECKDB operations in production; we have a set of servers dedicated to testing our restores and running checks. We follow a lot of the guidance in these articles:

CHECKDB From Every Angle: Consistency Checking Options for a VLDB

Minimizing the impact of DBCC CHECKDB : DOs and DON’Ts

Minimize performance impact of SQL Server DBCC CHECKDB

Read the whole thing, even if you aren’t dealing with 30+ TB databases.

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Building an Azure Function to Automate CHECKDB

Arun Sirpal shows us how to build an Azure Function:

The title is a mouthful and so is this post. In the past I have linked to blog posts from Microsoft that say consistency checks for Azure SQL Database is the responsibility of Microsoft. (https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/blog/data-integrity-in-azure-sql-database/)

However, Paul Randal got me thinking about his thoughts on it (via his insider email). Forming the core of this post. If you desire to run DBCC CHECKDB against Azure SQL Database (which I know people do) – how can you do this? There are many ways, but for this blog post – Enter Azure functions. There are many moving parts to this, but once setup and coded it is a very satisfying experience. Let’s dig in. I am NOT going to copy and paste every little element of the high-level guide from Microsoft, there is no point in that but I will show you the links that you need to setup the relevant function app project then the tailored bits around CHECKDB forms the bulk of this post.

This isn’t necessary to do, but if you want to learn how Azure Functions work, it’s a good example of working through the mechanics.

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Emergency Mode in SQL Server

Paul Randal answers a reader question:

I had a blog comment question a few days ago that asked why emergency-mode repair requires the database to be in EMERGENCY mode as well as SINGLE_USER mode.

All repair operations that DBCC CHECKDB (and related commands) performs require the database to be in single-user mode so there’s a guarantee that nothing can be changing while the checks and repairs are done. But that doesn’t change the behavior of what repair does – that needs emergency mode too.

Read on for an explanation of what emergency mode is and why we need it to run CHECKDB repair operations.

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Dealing With CheckDB Error Message 824 Level 24

Steve Stedman has a post on fixing a database which has experienced an incorrect pageid error:

Msg 824, Level 24, State 2, Line 1

SQL Server detected a logical consistency-based I/O error: incorrect pageid (expected 1:2806320; actual 0:0).  It occurred during a read of page (1:xxxxx) in database ID 5 at offset 0x00000xxxxx0000 in file ‘C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL12.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\DATA\YourDatabaseName.mdf’.  Additional messages in the SQL Server error log or system event log may provide more detail. This is a severe error condition that threatens database integrity and must be corrected immediately. Complete a full database consistency check (DBCC CHECKDB). This error can be caused by many factors; for more information, see SQL Server Books Online.

Since this is one of those things that I regularly work with, I thought I would see what other people are saying about this error message, and boy oh boy did I found some crazy and outright damaging suggestions

Steve puts together a bunch of really bad advice and explains why you shouldn’t follow it.  Read the whole thing and listen to Steve’s advice, not the bad advice.

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