The random forest algorithms average these results; that is, it reduces the variation by training the different parts of the train set. This increases the performance of the final model, although this situation creates a small increase in bias.
The random forest uses bootstrap aggregating(bagging) algortihms. We would take for training sample, X = x1, …, xn and, Y = y1, …, yn for the outputs. The bagging process repeated B times with selecting a random sample by changing the training set and, tries to fit the relevant tree algorithms to the samples. This fitting function is denoted fb in the below formula.
As far as the article goes, inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon. H/T R-Bloggers.