As the JPEG compression algorithm significantly reduces file size, JPEG files are ubiquitous across the web. If you take a photo on your camera, it’s almost certainly using a JPEG storage format. Historically the file extension was
.jpgas Microsoft Windows only handled three character file extensions (also
.html). But today both extensions are used (personally I prefer
.jpeg, but I’m not very consistent if I’m totally honest).
If you did a little Googling on which file format to use for images, then the answer you would come across is that JPEG’s are the default choice. But remember, figures are different from standard images!
Click through for a review of three viable image formats.