I have seen this debated in forums spread over the internet for decades, and the advice that we gave ten years ago isn’t as valid today as it was then. Ten years ago, memory was considerably less, and disks were spinning rust. The advent of SSD’s and the ability to get servers with more memory than data, even on large systems have changed how we should think about designing and maintaining databases.
I generally subscribe to the NUSE philosophy: Narrow, Unique, Static, Ever-Increasing. That generally leads me to selecting identity integers or longs. For junction tables (whose entire purpose is to join two tables together and which never get referenced outside of that), I use the primary key as the clustered index.
In extreme insert scenarios, I can see wanting to maximize fragmentation in order to insert into more pages in the B-tree and avoid hot spot pages.