The memory layout of a linked list doesn’t imply specific usage semantics. If we consistently insert at the head and remove from the tail, we have a queue. If we both insert and remove items from the head, we have a stack. And it is possible to have variations of these as well.
Finally, it is clear that insert and remove operations are multi-step, and the list is in an inconsistent state – i.e. not safe to traverse or modify – in the middle of such an operation. For this reason, locking semantics must be implemented. This will typically take the form of a spinlock which must be aquired before trying to access the list for any purpose. The object which owns the list head will then normally have a spinlock as a data member associated with the list head, although it is possible to have one spinlock protect multiple items beyond just a single linked list; this could be a sign of sane design, but conversely it means a coarser locking grain, which can sometimes work against you.
Even at this “simple” level, we’re digging pretty deep here.