One of the simplest concepts when computing graph based values is that of
centrality, i.e. how central is a node or edge in the graph. As this
definition is inherently vague, a lot of different centrality scores exists that
all treat the concept of central a bit different. One of the famous ones is
the pagerank algorithm that was powering Google Search in the beginning.
tidygraphcurrently has 11 different centrality measures and all of these are
centrality_*for easy discoverability. All of them returns a
numeric vector matching the nodes (or edges in the case of
This is a big project and is definitely interesting if you’re looking at analyzing graph data.
I’d summarize the two “competing” curricula as follows:
- Base R first: teach syntax such as
[], loops and conditionals, data types (numeric, character, data frame, matrix), and built-in functions like
tapply. Possibly follow up by introducing dplyr or data.table as alternatives.
- Tidyverse first: Start from scratch with the dplyr package for manipulating a data frame, and introduce others like ggplot2, tidyr and purrr shortly afterwards. Introduce the
%>%operator from magrittr immediately, but skip syntax like
$or leave them for late in the course. Keep a single-minded focus on data frames.
I’ve come to strongly prefer the “tidyverse first” educational approach. This isn’t a trivial decision, and this post is my attempt to summarize my opinions and arguments for this position. Overall, they mirror my opinions about ggplot2: packages like dplyr and tidyr are not “advanced”; they’re suitable as a first introduction to R.
I think this is the better position of the two, particularly for people who already have some experience with languages like SQL.
we are going to predict the concrete strength using neural network. neural network can be used for predict a value or class, or it can be used for predicting multiple items. In this example, we are going to predict a value, that is concrete strength.
I have loaded the data in power bi first, and in “Query Editor” I am going to write some R codes. First we need to do some data transformations. As you can see in the below picture number 2,3 and 4,data is not in a same scale, we need to do some data normalization before applying any machine learning. I am going to write a code for that (Already explained the normalization in post KNN). So to write some R codes, I just click on the R transformation component (number 5).
There’s a lot going on in this demo; check it out.
Since you’ve read this far, I also wanted to touch on RStudio’s vision for databases. Many analysts have most of their data in databases, and making it as easy as possible to get data out of the database and into R makes a huge difference. Thanks to the community, R already has strong tools for talking to the popular open source databases. But support for connecting to enterprise databases and solving enterprise challenges has lagged somewhat. At RStudio we are actively working to solve these problems.
As well as dbplyr and DBI, we are working on many other pain points in the database ecosystem. You’ll hear much more about these packages in the future, but I wanted to touch on the highlights so you can see where we are heading. These pieces are not yet as integrated as they should be, but they are valuable by themselves, and we will continue to work to make a seamless database experience, that is as good as (or better than!) any other environment.
There’s some very interesting vision talk at the end, showing how Wickham and the RStudio group are dedicated to enterprise-grade R.
We provide a few script actions for installing rsparkling on Azure HDInsight. When creating the HDInsight cluster, you can run the following script action for header node:
And run the following action for the worker node:
Please consult Customize Linux-based HDInsight clusters using Script Action for more details.
Click through for the full process.
in Neural Network, we have some hidden Nodes that do the main job ! they found the best value for the output, they are using some function that we call that functions as “Activation function” for instance in below picture, Node C is a hidden node that take the values from node A and B. as you can see the weight (the better path) related to Node B as shown in tick line that means Node B may lead to get better results so Node C get input values from Node B not Node A.
If you have time, also check out the linked YouTube videos.
The importFile() function in H2O is extremely efficient due to the parallel reading. The benchmark comparison below shows that it is comparable to the read.df() in SparkR and significantly faster than the generic read.csv().
I’d wonder if there are cases where this would vary significantly; regardless, for reading a large data file, parallel processing does tend to be faster.
In order to work with Spark H2O using rsparkling and sparklyr in R, you must first ensure that you have both sparklyr and rsparkling installed.
Once you’ve done that, you can check out the working script, the code for testing the Spark context, and the code for launching H2O Flow. All of this information can be found below.
It’s a short post, but it does show how to kick off a job.
The above chart was created with the plotly package, but you can also use htmlwidgets or any other R package that creates interactive graphics. The only restriction is that the output must be HTML, which can then be embedded into the Power BI dashboard or report. You can also publish reports including these interactive charts to the online Power BI service to share with others. (In this case though, you’re restricted to those R packages supported in Power BI online.)
Power BI now provides four custom interactive R charts, available as add-ins:
Time-series forecasting using the forecast package, with interactive range selection, data selection and tooltips (code)
I’d avoided doing too much with R visuals in Power BI because the output was so discordant—Power BI dashboards are often lively things, but the R visual would just sit there, limp and lifeless. I’m glad to see that this has changed.
Maybe you want to explore the best boardgames but instead you find the top 100 filled with 10/10 scores. Experience many such false positives and you will lose faith in the rating system. Let’s be clear this isn’t exactly incidental either: most games have relatively few votes and suffer from this phenomenon.
The Bayesian average
Fortunately, there are ways to deal with this. BoardGameGeek’s solution is to replace the average by the Bayesian average. In Bayesian statistics we start out with a prior that represents our a priori assumptions. When evidence comes in we can update this prior, computing a so called posterior that reflects our updated belief.
Applied to boardgames this means: if we have an unrated game we might as well assume it’s average. If not, the ratings will have to convince us otherwise. This certainly removes outliers as we will see below!
This is a rather interesting article and you can easily apply it to other rating systems as well.