Even though this probably does not surprise you, in fact it should. The measure – as it is written – should not work. The reason why it works is because the relationship between Sales and Date is using the Sales[Order Date] column. Sales[Order Date] has a Date data type. If we use an integer to relate the two tables instead of using a Date column, the formula stops working. We now change the relationship using the integer column Sales[OrderDateKey] instead of the Sales[Order Date].
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