Cleaning Up Foreign Keys

Adrian Buckman looks at how to clean up untrusted foreign key constraints:

SQL Server tracks untrusted Foreign keys in sys.Foreign keys with a column called is_not_trusted, there may be a number of reasons why a Foreign key may have become untrusted below are a couple of examples:

  • Foreign key was disabled using the ‘NOCHECK’ option then re-enabled using ‘CHECK’ (not to be confused with ‘WITH CHECK’)
  • Foreign key was disabled using the ‘NOCHECK’ option , Primary key data was Deleted and the Foreign key was Enabled only using ‘CHECK’ (Again not to be confused with ‘WITH CHECK’)

So what happens when you try and enable a Foreign key ‘WITH CHECK’ (Check existing data for referential integrity), if the data is consistent then this is going to succeed however if Rows have been deleted and the Primary key data no longer exists but the Foreign key data does for example then this is going to fail miserably.

What I like about this post is that he does more than just saying “hey, here’s how you get the key constraint to be trusted again;” he goes further and shows you how to figure out if it will work beforehand.

Related Posts

Using Regular Expressions In Check Constraints

Denis Gobo shows that SQL Server check constraints support limited regular expression capabilities: While SQL server does not support a full implementation of regular expression, you can do what the person asked for without a problem in T-SQL. Here is what the regular expression looks like [DMOPT][0-9][0-9] A constraint like that will allow allow the […]

Read More

Renaming Default Constraints

Bill Fellows has a script to standardize default constraint names: This week I’m dealing with synchronizing tables between environments and it seems that regardless of what tool I’m using for schema compare, it still gets hung up on the differences in default names for constraints. Rather than fight that battle, I figured it’d greatly simplify […]

Read More

Categories

October 2017
MTWTFSS
« Sep Nov »
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031