Although there are a variety of ways to extract unstructured data from files, one tried-and-true, fast and simple approach is to use Datawatch Monarch. Years ago I used this tool when building Department of Defense digital contract reporting projects. At that time, the process to define data regions and extract unstructured data required a bit of field mapping experimentation. With the latest version of Monarch Auto Define, that process is intelligently automated today.
Looks like an interesting tool.